SIGHTSEEING Although the British Isles are difficult to reach from the continent, they have been inhabited since ancient times. Here, since prehistoric times, tin was mined, and the Phoenicians and Greeks called them Tin Islands. The most amazing and famous monument is Stonehenge. Many legends are associated with it – this is a stone age observatory and a religious monument with an altar and almost an alien cosmodrome.
The Romans founded many cities of present-day Britain, including the capital, London, then Londinius. The Romans failed to conquer all the islands (and they did not need the relatively cold northern lands). To isolate themselves from the barbarians from the north, they built a series of fortifications, the most famous of which was preserved – the Adrian Wall, separating England from Scotland (built by Emperor Hadrian in 122-130). The city gates in Lincoln, the gates in Colchester, the baths in Bath, and the numerous ruins of Roman military fortifications have survived to this day. Continue reading