The burning mountain of Yanardag (116 m) is considered one of the main attractions of the Absheron Peninsula. It is located in the small village of Mehemmedi, near Baku. This area has been known since ancient times for the release of natural gas from the earth, and when it comes into contact with oxygen, natural combustion occurs. This phenomenon was considered a divine mystery and attracted fire worshipers from all over the world. They built their temples here on sacred lights, one of which is the world-famous Ateshgah, preserved to this day.
The slope of Mount Yanardag has been engulfed in flames day and night for thousands of years. The natural fire of Yanardag is caused by the leakage of combustible natural gas from a large field under the Absheron peninsula. The ignition of this fire occurred in antiquity, and Marco Polo was mentioned. When lit up, it gives the impression that the mountain is burning. The famous Alexander Dumas, who visited here in 1858, also mentioned these places. Continue reading