Ayers Rock is one of Australia’s most amazing and beautiful places. It is located in the central region of Australia, 450 km southwest of Alice Springs. The extraordinary beauty of the desert “Martian” landscapes of this place attracts travelers and artists from around the world.
In Ayers Rock is the majestic rock of the same name Ayers Rock (Uluru), which gave the name of this area. This is a huge block of stone with a height of 348 m, having a circumference of 9 km, and a path to the peak 1.6 km long. Australian Aborigines call this rock Uluru and for thousands of years consider it sacred. According to legend, the giants and the snakes Vanambi lived here, the supreme judge over all mortals. Giants created man and gave him Earth. The children of Uluru multiplied and laid the foundation for many tribes, but always returned to the sacred rock in order to honor their heroes and gain fresh strength.
This is the largest and most ancient monolithic rock in the world, and one of the main attractions of Australia. Numerous legends and legends are associated with the name Uluru, caves are located at its foot, some of them reach a length of 800 m, a height of 30 m. Many rock paintings have been preserved in them. There are also three small cave lakes filled with rainwater. The first European to see Ulur in 1872 was Ernest Giles. He noticed a rock from the shores of Lake Amadius, but could not reach it. A year later, the English explorer William Goss climbed to the top of the mountain. He named this place Ayers Rock in honor of the Secretary of State of South Australia, Henry Ayers, who later became the country’s prime minister.
This place is especially beautiful during sunset and sunrise. The rock changes its color like a chameleon throughout the day: from blue, pink, brown, to all shades of fiery red. According to Aboriginal legends, all this land was created by the anangu ancestors, who leased Ayers Rock to the Australian government for use as a national park. Natives prohibit the ascent of tourists to the top of Uluru, so as not to defile the sacred place and disturb the spirits of their ancestors. Around the base of Ayers Rock are scenic trails. This is one of the oldest sections of the earth’s crust on our planet, formed in the Archean era about 680 million years ago.
Ayers Rock is surrounded by sparse vegetation, mostly shrubs, and rare eucalyptus trees with silver trunks and gray-green leaves. There are 20 species of mammals, including a giant red kangaroo, a rocky kangaroo, a marsupial jerboa, a dingo dog and others. There are wild camels and rabbits imported by Europeans into Australia. A visit to Ayers Rock is included by our company Incomartur 93 on this excursion tour to Australia.
Australia (Australia) is located in the southern hemisphere of our Earth, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. This is a unique country. It is the only state in the world covering the entire continent. It also includes the island of Tasmania and several islands of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. East Timor, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea are located to the north of Australia, Vanuatu, New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands are located to the northeast, and New Zealand to the southeast. This is a federal parliamentary state, a member of the British Commonwealth of Nations. And although the executive power belongs to the Prime Minister, the head of state is the English Queen Elizabeth II.
Australia is Britain’s farthest former colony. Due to its distance from the rest of the world, this continent was discovered much later than all the other continents. In 1606, the Dutch expedition of Bill Jansonson reached its shores, but the Dutch East India Company showed no interest in these territories. In 1770, James Cook arrived here. He examined the eastern lands of the mainland, named them New South Wales and proclaimed the property of Britain. New lands had to be developed, and Australia became a place of exile for criminals. In January 1788, the first ships with settlers arrived here, 1373 people, of which 700 were criminals. They founded the first settlement, the future city of Sydney. Before the colonists arrived, Australia was inhabited by indigenous people, the natives, who were gradually crowded out of the reservation. In the second half of the XIX century. gold was found in Australia, and emigrants from all over the world went here in search of happiness. The second wave of emigration came after the Second World War. Currently, it is one of the most multinational countries in the world.
There are practically no predators on the mainland. Many of them were exterminated with the arrival of Europeans on the mainland. Here is a unique natural world. In Australia, plants and animals that have long died out on other continents have survived to this day. Almost 90% of the representatives of the plant and animal world are endemic. And marsupial mammals can be seen only here, among them the platypus and echidna of the same age as dinosaurs. There are tropical rain forests, and the jungle, and alpine meadows, and deserts, and mountains. Along the northeast coast, the Great Barrier Reef stretches for 2000 kilometers, with a unique underwater world.