Sights of Croatia
In the territory of this small country, unique natural complexes and historical monuments miraculously coexist, a beautiful sea coast with hundreds of islands and numerous castles, dense forests and many thermal springs. And given the fact that Croatia lies at the intersection of many roads almost in the center of Europe, its recreational opportunities only increase.
Zagreb, the capital of Croatia since 1557, was formed as a result of the merger of the cities of Kaptol and Hradec in the 11th – 13th centuries. Most of the medieval city has survived to this day, turning it into one of the most beautiful cities in Europe with many parks, museums and galleries.
The Gothic Church of St. Mark is the center of Hradec. Near it are the buildings of the Croatian National Assembly (1908) and the presidential palace of Banski Dvory
Museum space – the most prestigious exhibition hall in the city
XIII century stone gates with the image of the Virgin Mary, miraculously survived by a fire in 1731.
pedestrian street of Ivan Zakmardia, leads to the funicular connecting the upper and lower parts of the city, and to the Lotrscak tower, from the observation deck of which there is a beautiful view of the city
St. Stephen’s Cathedral, built on the spot in 1899, and using some elements of the medieval cathedral destroyed by the earthquake in 1880
The Archbishop’s Palace, which served as a fortress, protecting from raids by the Turks
central square of Josip Jelacic
Mirogoj cemetery – one of the most beautiful cemeteries in Europe
picturesque market Dolach
The University of Zagreb, founded in the 17th century, is considered one of the oldest, and its building is one of the most beautiful in Europe.
The pedestrian areas scattered throughout the city with numerous cafes and restaurants in the open air, with flower-decorated terraces and balconies add special charm to Zagreb. Almost across the city, from the old center to Mount Sleme, stretches a strip of many parks, among which stand out the country’s largest garden and park structure – Maximir (XIX century) and the Botanical Garden. 42 km from Zagreb, the famous Naftalan resort is located with the world’s only sources of healing oil – “naphthalan”, as well as sodium chloride hot mineral waters. The Istrian Peninsula lies in the very west of the country, on the border with Italy. This is one of the most famous resort areas of the Adriatic, called the Istrian Riviera for its unique resort opportunities. This is 430 km of the beautiful coast, wonderful climate (beach season – from May to October), clear sea and rich history. The medieval city of Rovinj is considered the pearl of Istria. The city is famous for its baroque cathedral of St. Euphemia (1736, 57 m high – this is the largest building in Istria) with a tomb of the saint and a bell tower, on top of which is a rotating bronze sculpture of St. Euphemia, showing the direction of the wind. The Franciscan monastery and church (XVIII century) on the street de Amikis contain a rich library and museum. Around the city there are 22 beautiful islands that are known as one of the centers of beach recreation and nudism of the country – Crveni otok (“Red Island”), Monsen, Valalta, Koversada and Katerina island, as well as some of the best diving sites in Croatia – the sunken island Chissa and the Baron Gauch passenger ferry lying at the bottom (sank in 1914). To the north of Rovinj, among small narrow fjords, lies a cultural monument of world significance and one of the centers of early Christianity – the city of Porec.
The old town has many attractions:
ruins of two roman temples
Efrazian Cathedral (6th century, a UNESCO World Heritage Site) with magnificent Byzantine mosaics
ancient Decumanus street with the Museum of Local Lore located in the Baroque Palace, Roman temples Neptune and the Big Temple (one of the largest on the Adriatic)
ancient Cardo Maximus street and the remains of defensive structures – the Round, Pentagonal and Northeast towers
Pula is the largest city of Istria, a large seaport and an international tourist center. The old city attracts many museums and the well-preserved ruins of Roman buildings – the Arena amphitheater (1st century BC), the Roman theater with gates (2nd century AD), Roman walls, the Triumphal Arch of Sergievac (Arch of St. Sergius , 27 BC) and the Temple of Augustus. The tourist complexes of Pula, stretching almost 190 km along the beautiful bays with stunning nature, created the city the glory of one of the best resorts in Europe. The group of Brijuni islands (Brijuni, Brion Islands), which have been a national park since 1983, is located 6 km northwest of Pula. The group includes 2 large (Veliki Brijuni – 5.6 sq. Km., And Mali Brijuni – 1.1 sq. Km.) And 12 small islands overgrown with magnificent forests. Here are the famous villas of Marshal Tito – Jadranska, Biela and Brionka, the medieval church of St. Germain on Veliki Brijuni, a safari park, the ruins of a Roman villa (1st century AD), a beautiful Ethnographic Museum and many modern hotels, and under water near the coast of the archipelago is flooded with a whole Venetian fleet.