Sights of Hungary
The capital of Hungary – Budapest – is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. The mountainous, right-bank part of the capital, Buda, contrasts vividly with the plain Pest. The wooded crown of Buda with its royal palace, the fortress of Mount Gellert, small houses and villas, buried in gardens on the hillsides, fascinates with its beauty.
One of the main local attractions is the Matthias Church (XIII century), which became the wedding place and the tomb of many Hungarian kings. The decoration of Budapest is the Danube with its openwork bridges. In the northwestern region of Hungary is the city of Eger – one of the most beautiful Hungarian cities with Baroque architecture. In the Middle Ages, the Eger fortress, now transformed into a museum, gained fame during the struggle with the Turkish conquerors.
In the north of the country are the mountains of the Visegrád Mountains. At their foot are two ancient royal residences – Esztergom and Visegrád. The town of Sekeshfehervár is known as the place where more than 30 Hungarian kings were crowned during the Middle Ages. Fifteen kings were subsequently buried in Sekeshfehervar. The basilica, where the Hungarian kings are buried, is located in the center of the historical park, where excavations continue to this day. In the north-eastern part of the city is Bori Castle. Well preserved defense walls and watchtowers of the castle.
Among the main museums of the country are especially distinguished:
– The National History Museum of Hungary with a rich collection of exhibits of Magyar history dating back to the 9th century (located in Budapest)
– Hungarian Art Museum, located in Budapest.
– The Hungarian National Museum of Natural History, located in Budapest.
– Museum of Szekesfehervar with a rich collection of antique artifacts from the period of the Roman Empire
– Museum of the city of Szolnok, famous for its rich collection of archaeological exhibits.
– The Museum of Miskolc, known for one of the best collections of exhibits of Scythian culture and objects of the Bronze Age.
Among other attractions:
– resort region of Lake Balaton
– mineral springs and a resort near the city of Esztergom
– world famous Tokaj wines of Tokaj
Among the architectural monuments can be identified:
– in Budapest, a palace complex with a Gothic-style temple in Buda; parliament building (1896)
– in the city of Pecs: 11th century cathedral, two Turkish mosques
– to Szombateli: the remains of an ancient Roman settlement; 18th century episcopal palace
– in Szekesfehervar: an 18th-century cathedral on the foundation of an 11th-century church
– in the city of Esztergom: the country’s largest cathedral, the dome of the cathedral repeats the shape of the dome of St. Basil’s Petra in Rome; the cathedral holds a cross donated to King Istvan I (Saint) by Pope Sylvester II in the X century
– in Szeged: a 13th-century tower; large cathedral with two spiers
– in the city of Debrecen: a Protestant church in which Hungary was proclaimed independence from the Habsburg empire in 1849
67% of the Hungarian population are Catholics, 25% are Protestants (mainly Lutherans and Calvinists).
St. Stephen’s Day (King, Founder of the Hungarian State) – August 20
Day of the national liberation struggle and revolution – March 15
Day of the Revolution of 1956 and the proclamation of the Republic of Hungary (1989) – October 23
In addition, numerous music, theater, dance festivals and flower carnivals are held almost continuously in Hungary. The two-thousand-year-old tradition has a bath culture in Hungary.
In fact, the whole country is a huge, comfortable balneological resort. In Roman times, bathing culture reached an unprecedented peak here, as evidenced by the excavations of Aquincum, a Roman city in Budapest. Although the Turkish occupation of Hungary in the 16th century caused enormous damage to the country, the bath culture did not suffer. Moreover, the Turks – also big fans of bathhouses – built new, highly praised contemporaries